руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 1

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GM CAMARO
1982-1992
Repair Guide
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
This is an essential accessory for do-it-yourself automotive repair. Each vehicle-specific guide includes detailed information and graphics to help you get your car or truck back on the road. Included in most guides: step-by-step instructions with detailed photographs and drawings, wiring diagrams, specification charts and repair tips.
1. Body & Trim
2. Brakes
3. Chassis Electrical
4. Drive Train
5. Engine & Engine Overhaul
6. Engine Controls
7. Engine Performance and Tune-up
8. Fuel System
9. General Information & Maintenance
10. Suspension & Steering
Covers all U.S. and Canadian models of GM Camaro 1982-1992.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
BODY & TRIM
EXTERIOR
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
1. On doors that are equipped with power operated components, do the following:
• Remove the door trim panel and inner panel water deflector.
• Disconnect the wire harness from all components in the door.
• Remove the rubber conduit from the door, then remove the wire harness from the door through the conduit access hole.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 2

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1. Bolt—gas support to rear compartment lift window
2. Bolt—gas support to body
3. Spacer
4. Bushing
Fig. 2: Hatch strut removal
1. Prop the lid open and place a protective covering along the edges of the rear compartment opening to prevent any damage to the painted surfaces.
2. Use a 13mm socket to remove the nuts holding the glass to the hinge.
CAUTION – Do not attempt to remove or loosen the gas support assembly attachments with the lid in any position other than fully open as personal injury may result.
3. While a helper supports the glass, disengage the gas supports from the lift window assembly and disconnect the harness connector for the electric grid defogger, if equipped.
4. With the aid of a helper, remove the lift window assembly from the body and place it on a protected surface.
5. Position the lift window assembly to the body with the aid of a helper. Install the attaching bolts and torque to 11 ft. lbs. (16 Nm).
CAUTION – Do not over tighten the glass-to-hinge bolts as it could cause the glass to break resulting in personal injury! Always wear safety glasses during this operation
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
6. Connect the harness connector for the electric grid defogger, if equipped, and connect the gas supports to the lift window assembly.
7. Lower the lid and check alignment.
ADJUSTMENT
The rear compartment lift window assembly height, fore and aft and side adjustments are controlled at the hinge-to-body location. This area of the body has oversize hinge attaching holes in addition to the hinge-to-body spacers. Adjustments at the hinge location must be made with the gas supports disengaged. Additional height adjustment can also be made at the lower panel by adjusting the rubber bumpers. Bolts holding hinge-to-body should be tightened to 15-20 ft. lbs. (20-28 Nm).
BUMPERS
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
FRONT FASCIA

Fig. 1: Front bumper fascia
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 2: Front bumper removal
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 3

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Fig. 1: Fender removal
1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
2. Remove the hood.
3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
4. Remove the lower fender bolts and inner wheel house panel.
5. Remove the rocker panel molding.
6. Remove the lower front end panel deflector-to-fender bolts.
7. Remove the bolt from the support brace.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
8. Remove the front end bumper fascia-to-fender nuts and screws.
9. Remove the hood hinge-to-fender bolts.
10. Disconnect all electrical connections from horn, turn signal lamps, etc.
11. Remove the fender by sliding rearward and outward, at rear, with the aid of an assistant. Place an old blanket over the fender as to avoid scratches or dents.
To install:
12. Install the fender with the aid of an assistant. Place an old blanket over the fender as to avoid scratches or dents.
13. Connect all electrical connections to the horn, turn signal lamps, etc.
14. Install the hood hinge-to-fender bolts.
15. Install the front end bumper fascia-to-fender nuts and screws.
16. Install the bolt at the support brace.
17. Install the lower front end panel deflector-to-fender bolts.
18. Install the rocker panel molding.
19. Install the lower fender bolts and inner wheel house panel.
20. Install the hood.
21. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Align the fender and hood as necessary, placing existing shims in original positions.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 4

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Fig. 9: Upstop and downstop adjustment locations
1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
2. Remove the side rails and retainers.
3. Remove the main pillar seals and retainers.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
4. Remove the No. 1 bow garnish molding and retainer.
5. Remove the top from the No. 1 bow by applying heat with a heat gun to the approximately 1 in. (25mm) from the adhesive backed bow.
6. Remove the cable screws.
7. Remove the headliner from the No. 2 and 3 bows.
It is not necessary to remove the headliner from the No. 1 bow with the top folded enough to allow access to the retainer screws.
8. Remove the screws from the underside of the Nos. 2 and 3 top cover retainers.
9. Remove the No. 2 and 3 bow top cover from the pockets in the top cover.
10. Separate the outer quarter flaps from the main pillar post, once again using the heat gun as necessary to loosen the adhesive.
11. Remove the side retention cables.
12. Remove screws.
13. Remove the elastic stays, folding the top rearward.
14. Remove the No. 5 bow seal.
15. Remove the black covered rivets from the No. 5 bow using an 1/8 in. (3mm)
drill bit.
16. Remove the top cover from No. 5 bow, using heat as required to loosen the adhesive.
17. Remove the convertible top cover from the vehicle. To install:
Use 3M® adhesive No. 8046 or equivalent on cover attaching surfaces where noted.
18. Install the cover on the vehicle. Slide the retention cables through the listing pockets and check cable ends for proper locations.
19. Square the top to the frame; check for evenness of quarter flap positions to the main pillar rail. Fold the top cover to the windshield header.
20. Apply adhesive to the No. 5 bow and top, raise the No. 5 bow to the full vertical position.
Glue 1/2 of the top cover to the No. 5 bow first, then lower the bow and check for evenness. The length of the material overhanging should be uniform. Repeat the procedure, if necessary. Trim the excess fabric from the No. 5 bow evenly at the seal channel to allow attachment of the seal later.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 5

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A. Without roof lift-off panels
B. With roof lift-off panels
1. Headliner
2. Headliner clip
Fig. 1: Headliner installation
1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
2. Remove the dome lamp and sunshade.
3. Remove the coat hooks and seat belt escutcheon, by unsnapping from the headliner.
4. Remove the rear window opening molding.

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
5. Remove the rear quarter interior trim panels, body lock pillar panels and windshield side upper moldings.
6. Remove the headliner retaining clips and remove the headliner.
7. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.
DOOR LOCKS
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

4. Lock cylinder gasket
5. Lock cylinder retainer
6. Door lock assembly
7. Rod, lock cylinder to lock
Fig. 1: Outside door handle
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax) 30
1. Rod, inside handle to lock
2. Bell crank (power locks only)
3. Lock assembly
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 6

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GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
2. Raise the window to half-up position and hold in place by inserting a rubber wedge door stops at the front and rear of the window between window and inner panel.
3. Remove the rear guide channel and inner panel cam channel.
4. Punch out the center pins of the regulator rivets; then drill out the rivets using a 1/4 in. (6mm) drill bit.
5. Move the regulator rearward and disconnect wire harness from the motor (if equipped). Disengage the roller on the regulator lift arm from glass sash channel.
6. Remove the regulator through the rear access hole.
CAUTION – If electric motor removal from the regulator is required, the sector gear must be locked in position. The regulator lift arm is under tension from the counterbalance spring and could cause personal injury if the sector gear is not locked in position.
7. Drill a hole through the regulator sector gear and backplate and install a bolt and nut to lock the sector gear in position.
8. Using a 3/16 in. (5mm) drill bit, drill out the motor attaching rivets and remove the motor from the regulator.
To install:
9. To install the motor to the regulator, use a rivet tool J-29022 or equivalent, and install 3/16 in. (5mm) rivets or 3/16 in. (5mm) nuts and bolts. Remove bolt and nut used to secure the sector gear in position.
10. Place the regulator through the rear access hole into the door inner panel. If electric regulator is being installed, connect the wire connector to motor prior to installing the regulator to the inner panel.
11. Locate the lift arm roller into the glass sash channel.
12. Using rivet tool J-29022 or equivalent, rivet the regulator to the inner panel of the door using 1/4 in. (6mm) 1/2 in. (13mm) aluminum peel type rivets (part No. 9436175 or equivalent). If rivet tool is not available, use the following nut and bolt method:
a. Install U-clips on the regulator at the attaching locations. Be sure to install the clips with clinch nuts on the outboard side of the regulator.
b. Locate the regulator in the door inner panel. If the electric regulator is being installed, connect the wire connector to the regulator motor.
c. Locate the lift arm roller in the glass sash channel.
d. Align the regulator with clinch nuts to holes in the inner panel.
e. Attach the regulator (and motor) to the door inner panel with 1/4-20 x 1/2 in. screws (part No. 9419723 or equivalent) into 1/4 in. (6mm) nuts with integral washers. Tighten the screw to 90-125 inch lbs. (10-14 Nm) torque.
13. Install the inner panel cam channel and rear guide channel.
14. Remove the rubber wedge door stops at the front and rear of the window between window and inner panel.
15. Install the inner panel water deflector and the door trim panel.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
WINDSHIELD AND FIXED GLASS
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
If your windshield, or other fixed window, is cracked or chipped, you may decide to replace it with a new one yourself. However, there are two main reasons why replacement windshields and other window glass should be installed only by a professional automotive glass technician: safety and cost.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 7

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Fig. 2: Rear seat belt – coupe

Fig. 3: Front seat belt – convertible
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 5: Seat belt attachment
1. Remove the cover from the anchor plate.
2. Remove the attaching bolt, anchor plate and washer from the door pillar.
3. Remove the bolt cover from the rear of the retractor assembly.
4. Remove the bolt retaining the retractor to the floor panel and remove the retractor.
5. Remove the buckle assembly from the floor panel.
6. Remove the cap which conceals the buckle assembly bolt and remove the
7. Remove the seat belt warning wire from the drivers side buckle and remove the buckle assembly from the vehicle.
8. Installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten all bolts to 31 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
POWER SEAT MOTOR
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
1. Remove the front seat assembly and place upside down on a clean protected surface.
2. Disconnect the motor feed wires from the motors.
3. Remove the nut securing the front of the motor support bracket to the inboard adjuster and withdraw the assembly from the adjuster and the gearnut drives.
4. Disconnect the drive cables from the motors and complete removal of the support bracket with the motor attached.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
5. Grind off the peened over end(s) of the grommet assembly securing the motor to the support and separate the motor(s) as required from the support.
To install:
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 8

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Upon release of the brake pedal, a spring located inside the master cylinder immediately returns the master cylinder pistons to the normal position. The pistons contain check valves and the master cylinder has compensating ports drilled in it. These are uncovered as the pistons reach their normal position. The piston check valves allow fluid to flow toward the wheel cylinders or calipers as the pistons withdraw. Then, as the return springs force the brake pads or shoes into the released position, the excess fluid reservoir through the compensating ports. It is during the time the pedal is in the released position that any fluid that has leaked out of the system will be replaced through the compensating ports.
Dual circuit master cylinders employ two pistons, located one behind the other, in the same cylinder. The primary piston is actuated directly by mechanical linkage from the brake pedal through the power booster. The secondary piston is actuated by fluid trapped between the two pistons. If a leak develops in front of the secondary piston, it moves forward until it bottoms against the front of the master cylinder, and the fluid trapped between the pistons will operate the rear brakes. If the rear brakes develop a leak, the primary piston will move forward until direct contact with the secondary piston takes place, and it will force the secondary piston to actuate the front brakes. In either case, the brake pedal moves farther when the brakes are applied, and less braking power is available.
All dual circuit systems use a switch to warn the driver when only half of the brake system is operational. This switch is usually located in a valve body which is mounted on the firewall or the frame below the master cylinder. A hydraulic piston receives pressure from both circuits, each circuit’s pressure being applied to one end of the piston. When the pressures are in balance, the piston remains stationary. When one circuit has a leak, however, the greater pressure in that circuit during application of the brakes will push the piston to one side, closing the switch and activating the brake warning light.
In disc brake systems, this valve body also contains a metering valve and, in some cases, a proportioning valve. The metering valve keeps pressure from traveling to the disc brakes on the front wheels until the brake shoes on the rear wheels have contacted the drums, ensuring that the front brakes will never be used alone. The proportioning valve controls the pressure to the rear brakes to lessen the chance of rear wheel lock-up during very hard braking.
Warning lights may be tested by depressing the brake pedal and holding it while opening one of the wheel cylinder bleeder screws. If this does not cause the light to go on, substitute a new lamp, make continuity checks, and, finally, replace the switch as necessary.
The hydraulic system may be checked for leaks by applying pressure to the pedal gradually and steadily. If the pedal sinks very slowly to the floor, the system has a leak. This is not to be confused with a springy or spongy feel due to the compression of air within the lines. If the system leaks, there will be a gradual change in the position of the pedal with a constant pressure.
Check for leaks along all lines and at wheel cylinders. If no external leaks are apparent, the problem is inside the master cylinder.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
DISC BRAKES
Instead of the traditional expanding brakes that press outward against a circular drum, disc brake systems utilize a disc (rotor) with brake pads positioned on either side of it. An easily-seen analogy is the hand brake arrangement on a bicycle. The pads squeeze onto the rim of the bike wheel, slowing its motion. Automobile disc brakes use the identical principle but apply the braking effort to a separate disc instead of the wheel.
The disc (rotor) is a casting, usually equipped with cooling fins between the two braking surfaces. This enables air to circulate between the braking surfaces making them less sensitive to heat buildup and more resistant to fade. Dirt and water do not drastically affect braking action since contaminants are thrown off by the centrifugal action of the rotor or scraped off the by the pads. Also, the equal clamping action of the two brake pads tends to ensure uniform, straight line stops. Disc brakes are inherently self-adjusting. There are three general types of disc brake:
1. A fixed caliper.
2. A floating caliper.
3. A sliding caliper.
The fixed caliper design uses two pistons mounted on either side of the rotor (in each side of the caliper). The caliper is mounted rigidly and does not move.
The sliding and floating designs are quite similar. In fact, these two types are often lumped together. In both designs, the pad on the inside of the rotor is moved into contact with the rotor by hydraulic force. The caliper, which is not held in a fixed position, moves slightly, bringing the outside pad into contact with the rotor. There are various methods of attaching floating calipers. Some pivot at the bottom or top, and some slide on mounting bolts. In any event, the end result is the same.
DRUM BRAKES
Drum brakes employ two brake shoes mounted on a stationary backing plate. These shoes are positioned inside a circular drum which rotates with the wheel assembly. The shoes are held in place by springs. This allows them to slide toward the drums (when they are applied) while keeping the linings and drums in alignment. The shoes are actuated by a wheel cylinder which is mounted at the top of the backing plate. When the brakes are applied, hydraulic pressure forces the wheel cylinder’s actuating links outward. Since these links bear directly against the top of the brake shoes, the tops of the shoes are then forced against the inner side of the drum. This action forces the bottoms of the two shoes to contact the brake drum by rotating the entire assembly slightly (known as servo action). When pressure within the wheel cylinder is relaxed, return springs pull the shoes back away from the drum.
Most modern drum brakes are designed to self-adjust themselves during application when the vehicle is moving in reverse. This motion causes both
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
shoes to rotate very slightly with the drum, rocking an adjusting lever, thereby causing rotation of the adjusting screw. Some drum brake systems are designed to self-adjust during application whenever the brakes are applied. This on-board adjustment system reduces the need for maintenance adjustments and keeps both the brake function and pedal feel satisfactory.
POWER BOOSTERS
Virtually all modern vehicles use a vacuum assisted power brake system to multiply the braking force and reduce pedal effort. Since vacuum is always available when the engine is operating, the system is simple and efficient. A vacuum diaphragm is located on the front of the master cylinder and assists the driver in applying the brakes, reducing both the effort and travel he must put into moving the brake pedal.
The vacuum diaphragm housing is normally connected to the intake manifold by a vacuum hose. A check valve is placed at the point where the hose enters the diaphragm housing, so that during periods of low manifold vacuum brakes assist will not be lost.
Depressing the brake pedal closes off the vacuum source and allows atmospheric pressure to enter on one side of the diaphragm. This causes the master cylinder pistons to move and apply the brakes. When the brake pedal is released, vacuum is applied to both sides of the diaphragm and springs return the diaphragm and master cylinder pistons to the released position.
If the vacuum supply fails, the brake pedal rod will contact the end of the master cylinder actuator rod and the system will apply the brakes without any power assistance. The driver will notice that much higher pedal effort is needed to stop the car and that the pedal feels harder than usual.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 9

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MASTER CYLINDER REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

1. Disconnect hydraulic lines at master cylinder.
2. Remove the retaining nuts and lockwashers that hold cylinder to firewall or the brake booster. Disconnect pushrod at brake pedal (non-power brakes only).
3. Remove the master cylinder, gasket and rubber boot.
4. On non-power brakes, position master cylinder on firewall, making sure pushrod goes through the rubber boot into the piston. Reconnect pushrod clevis to brake pedal. With power brakes, install the cylinder on the booster.
5. Install nuts and lockwashers. Torque nuts to 22-30 ft. lbs. (30-45 Nm).
6. Install hydraulic lines then check brake pedal free play.
7. Bleed the brakes.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
OVERHAUL

Fig. 4: Exploded view of a master cylinder
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 5: Removing the reservoir
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 10

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Check valve
Master cylinder
Combination (proportioning) valve
Vacuum hose
Brake pedal
Fig. 1: Power brake booster removal
1. Disconnect vacuum hose from vacuum check valve.
2. Unbolt the master cylinder and carefully move it aside without disconnecting the hydraulic lines.
3. Disconnect pushrod at brake pedal assembly.
Some brake boosters may also be held on with a sealant. This can be easily removed with tar remover.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
4. Remove nuts and lockwashers that secure booster to firewall and remove booster from engine compartment.
5. Install by reversing removal procedure. Make sure to check operation of stop lights. Allow engine vacuum to build before applying brakes.
COMBINATION VALVE REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
This valve is not repairable and only serviced as a complete assembly.
1. Disconnect the hydraulic lines from the valve. Plug the lines to prevent fluid loss and dirt contamination.
2. Disconnect the electrical connection.
3. Remove the valve.
To install:
4. Position the valve.
5. Connect the electrical connection.
6. Connect the hydraulic lines to the valve.
7. Bleed the brake system.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
BRAKE HOSES AND LINES
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 11

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Fig. 6: Use two wrenches to loosen the fitting. If available, use flare nut type
7. Disconnect the other end of the line or hose, moving the drain pan if necessary. Always use a back-up wrench to avoid damaging the fitting.
8. Disconnect any retaining clips or brackets holding the line and remove the line from the vehicle.
If the brake system is to remain open for more time than it takes to swap lines, tape or plug each remaining clip and port to keep contaminants out and fluid in.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

installation

Fig. 8: Tape or plug the line to prevent contamination
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
To install:
9. Install the new line or hose, starting with the end farthest from the master cylinder. Connect the other end, then confirm that both fittings are correctly threaded and turn smoothly using finger pressure. Make sure the new line will not rub against any other part. Brake lines must be at least 1/2 in. (13mm) from the steering column and other moving parts. Any protective shielding or insulators must be reinstalled in the original location.
WARNING – Make sure the hose is NOT kinked or touching any part of the frame or suspension after installation. These conditions may cause the hose to fail prematurely.
10. Using two wrenches as before, tighten each fitting.
11. Install any retaining clips or brackets on the lines.
12. If removed, install the wheel and tire assemblies, then carefully lower the vehicle to the ground.
13. Refill the brake master cylinder reservoir with clean, fresh brake fluid, meeting DOT 3 specifications. Properly bleed the brake system.
14. Connect the negative battery cable.
BLEEDING

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 2: Master cylinder bleeding
The purpose of bleeding the brakes is to expel air trapped in the hydraulic system. The system must be bled whenever the pedal feels spongy, indicating that compressible air has entered the system. It must also be bled whenever the system has been opened, repaired or the fluid appears dirty. You will need a helper for this job.
CAUTION – Never reuse brake fluid which has been bled from the brake system
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 12

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SHOE EARS
Fig. 7: Bend the outboard pad ears after installation
1. Siphon 2/3 of the brake fluid from the master cylinder reservoir. Loosen the wheel lug nuts and raise the car. Remove the wheel.
2. Position a C-clamp across the caliper and press on the pads. Tighten it until the caliper piston bottoms in its bore.
If you haven’t removed some brake fluid from the master cylinder, it may overflow when the piston is retracted.
3. Remove the C-clamp.
There are 2 different calipers being used, a single piston or dual piston design. The single piston design uses either an Allen head bolt, regular bolt or Torx® head bolt to secure the caliper to the mounting bracket. Do not use a socket in place of the Torx® socket, otherwise damage to the bolt may occur. The dual piston caliper uses a slide pin and circlip to secure it to the bracket.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
4. Remove the mounting bolts, if equipped with single piston caliper or the circlip and pin, if equipped with dual piston caliper. Inspect the bolts for corrosion and replace as necessary.
5. Remove the caliper from the steering knuckle and suspend it from the body of the car with a length of wire. Do not allow the caliper to hang by its hose.
6. Remove the pad retaining springs and remove the pads from the caliper.
7. Remove the plastic sleeves and the rubber bushings from the mounting bolt holes.
8. Obtain a pad replacement kit. Lubricate and install the new sleeves and bushings with a light coat of silicone grease.
9. Install the retainer spring on the inboard pad, if equipped with single piston caliper.
A new spring should be included in the pad replacement kit.
10. I nstall the new inboard pad into the caliper with the wear sensor at the leading end of the shoe during forward wheel rotation.
11. Install the outboard pad into the caliper.
12. Use a large pair of slip joint pliers to bend the outer pad ears down over the caliper, if equipped with the single piston caliper.
13. Install the caliper onto the steering knuckle. Tighten the mounting bolts to 21-35 ft. lbs. (28-47 Nm), if equipped. Install the wheel and lower the car. Fill the master cylinder to its proper level with a good quality brake fluid.
14. Pump the brake pedal slowly and firmly 3 times with the engine running before attempting to move the vehicle; bleed the brakes as required.
BRAKE CALIPER
CAUTION – Some brake pads contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air! Avoid inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.
REMOVAL & INSTALATION
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
Fig. 2: Removing the hose from the retainer
CAUTION – Brake pads contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air!
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 13

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Fig. 9: Use the proper size driving tool and a mallet to properly seal the boots in
the caliper housing
16. Install the caliper in the vehicle.
17. Install the wheel and tire assembly, then carefully lower the vehicle.
18. Properly bleed the brake system.
Fig. 10: There are tools, such as this Mighty-Vac, available to assist in proper
brake system bleeding

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
BRAKE DISC (ROTOR)
CAUTION – Some brake pads contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air! Avoid inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.
REMOVAL & INSTALATION

Fig. 1: Breaking loose the dust cap
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 4: Removing the spindle nut

Fig. 5: Removing the washer
CAUTION – Brake pads contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air!
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
Avoid inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.
1. Remove the caliper by following instructions of caliper removal procedure.
2. Remove dust cap, cotter pin, castle nut, thrust washer and outside wheel bearing. Pull the disc/hub assembly from the steering knuckle.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 14

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92


GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 7: Removing the shoe guide plate
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 8: Turning the hold-down spring lock plate

Fig. 9: Removing the hold-down springs
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax) 97

Fig. 10: Pulling off the shoes

Fig. 11: Separating the shoes and lower spring
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax) 98

Fig. 12: Disconnecting the parking brake cable from the shoe lever

Fig. 13: Drum brake parts
CAUTION – Brake shoes may contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air! Avoid inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.
1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
2. Remove the wheel and tire assemblies.
3. Remove the brake drum.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 15

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92

CAUTION – Brake shoes may contain asbestos, which has been determined to be a cancer causing agent. Never clean the brake surfaces with compressed air! Avoid inhaling any dust from any brake surface! When cleaning brake surfaces, use a commercially available brake cleaning fluid.
1. Raise and support the car. Remove the wheel. Remove the brake shoes by following the Brake Shoe Replacement procedure.
2. Remove dirt from around the wheel cylinder inlet and pilot. Disconnect the inlet tube.
3. Using 2 awls, 1/8 in. (3mm) in diameter, or J29839, remove the wheel cylinder retainer. Insert the awls into the access slots between the wheel cylinder pilot and retainer. Simultaneously, bend both tabs away from each other. Remove the wheel cylinder.
To install:
4. Place wheel cylinder into position and place a block of wood between it and the axle flange. Install a new retainer over the end of the wheel cylinder. Using a 11/8 in. 12-point socket with an extension, drive the new retainer into position.
5. Connect the inlet tube and torque 120-280 inch lbs. (13.6-20 Nm). Complete installation by reversing the removal procedure. Bleed the brakes.
OVERHAUL
Wheel cylinder overhaul kits may be available, but often at little or no savings over a reconditioned wheel cylinder. It often makes sense with these components to substitute a new or reconditioned part instead of attempting an overhaul.
If no replacement is available, or you would prefer to overhaul your wheel cylinders, the following procedure may be used. When rebuilding and installing wheel cylinders, avoid getting any contaminants into the system. Always use clean, new, high quality brake fluid. If dirty or improper fluid has been used, it will be necessary to drain the entire system, flush the system with proper brake fluid, replace all rubber components, then refill and bleed the system.
1. Remove the wheel cylinder from the vehicle and place on a clean workbench.
2. First remove and discard the old rubber boots, then withdraw the pistons. Piston cylinders are equipped with seals and a spring assembly, all located behind the pistons in the cylinder bore.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 4: Remove the outer boots from the wheel cylinder
3. Remove the remaining inner components, seals and spring assembly. Compressed air may be useful in removing these components. If no compressed air is available, be VERY careful not to score the wheel cylinder bore when removing parts from it. Discard all components for which replacements were supplied in the rebuild kit.

Fig. 5: Compressed air can be used to remove the pistons and seals
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax) 103

Fig. 6: Remove the pistons, cup seals and spring from the cylinder 4. Wash the cylinder and metal parts in denatured alcohol or clean brake fluid.

Fig. 7: Use brake fluid and a soft brush to clean the pistons …
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 8: … and the bore of the wheel cylinder
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 16

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92


1. Nut
2. Lever
11. Bushing
12. Caliper housing
13. Shaft seal
14. Thrust washer
15. Balance spring
16. Actuator screw
17. Piston seal
18. Piston assembly
19. Two-way check valve
20. Bleeder screw
21. Anti-friction washer
22. Lever seal
23. Mounting bolt
24. Boot
25. Inboard shoe & lining
26. Wear sensor
27. Outboard shoe & lining
28. Shoe dampening spring
29. Damper
3, 4. 5 6.
7. S 9, 10.
Return spring
Bushing
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 17

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92


GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)

Fig. 4: Installing the boot

Fig. 5: Installing the damper spring
1. Remove the shoe dampening spring from the end of the piston.
2. Place the caliper in a vise. Move the parking brake lever back and forth to work the piston out of the caliper.
If the piston will not come out, remove the lever and use a wrench to rotate the adjusting screw. Rotate the screw in the direction of brake application. Remove the balance spring.
3. Remove the nut, lever, lever seal, and anti-friction washer.
4. Press on the threaded end of the actuator screw to remove it from the housing.
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
5. Remove the shaft seal and washer.
6. Remove the dust boot. Be careful not to scratch the housing bore.
7. Remove the locator retainer if so equipped. Remove the piston locator if so equipped.
8. Remove the piston seal using a wooden or plastic tool.
9. Remove the bleeder screw, bolt, fitting, and copper washer. Remove the bracket only if it is damaged.
10. Inspect caliper bore for scoring, nicks, corrosion, and wear. Use crocus cloth for light corrosion. Replace caliper if bore will not clean up.
To install:
11. Replace the bleeder screw, bolt, fitting, and copper washer.
12. Install the piston. Lubricate seals and piston with brake fluid prior to reinstallation.
13. Install the locator retainer if so equipped. Install the piston locator if so equipped.
14. Install the dust boot.
15. Install the shaft seal and washer.
16. Install actuator screw to the housing.
17. Install the nut, lever, lever seal, and anti-friction washer. It may be necessary to rotate the parking brake lever away from the stop to install the nut. Torque the nut 30-40 ft. lbs. (41-54 Nm) and rotate the lever back to the stop.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 18

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92

A. Apply pressure here
B. Measure here
1. Lever
2. Adjustable screw
3. Caliper housing

Fig. 3: Free travel adjustment; 1990-92
3.5mm (0 14 INCH)
21.0mm(0.83INCH| DIAMETER HOLE -145.0mm 15 71 INCHESl-

2.5mm (0.10INCHI,
LA.. T"f
5.0 mm IO-20INCHI
14.0 mm 10 55 INCHI RADIUS TO OUTER EDGE OF TOOL

^^^KJNG BRAKE CABLE RETAINEfi COMPRESSOR TOOL FROM 28 mm (1.10 INCHI BAR STOCK. 3.2
INLH) THICK,
Fig. 4: Fabricated cable retainer compressing tool
mm 10.13
1. Apply the brake pedal 3 times with a pedal force of approximately 175 lbs. (778 N). Apply and release the parking brake 3 times.
2. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
3. Check the parking brake lever for full release:
a. Turn the ignition ON.
b. The brake warning light should be OFF. If the brake warning light is still ON and the parking brake lever is completely released, pull downward on the front parking brake cable to remove slack from the lever assembly.
c. Turn the ignition switch OFF.
4. Remove the rear wheels and tires. Reinstall 2 wheel nuts on each side to retain the brake rotors.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 19

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92

©
& With rear drums: 0-945 in With rear discs: 1.0OQ in.
Ф Slandard: 2.520 in. Heavy Duty: 1 500 in. each
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
CHASSIS ELECTRICAL
UNDERSTANDING AND TROUBLESHOOTING ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
BASIC ELECTRICAL THEORY
For any 12 volt, negative ground, electrical system to operate, the electricity must travel in a complete circuit. This simply means that current (power) from the positive (+) terminal of the battery must eventually return to the negative (— ) terminal of the battery. Along the way, this current will travel through wires, fuses, switches and components. If, for any reason, the flow of current through the circuit is interrupted, the component fed by that circuit will cease to function properly.
Perhaps the easiest way to visualize a circuit is to think of connecting a light bulb (with two wires attached to it) to the battery – one wire attached to the negative (—) terminal of the battery and the other wire to the positive (+) terminal. With the two wires touching the battery terminals, the circuit would be complete and the light bulb would illuminate. Electricity would follow a path from the battery to the bulb and back to the battery. It’s easy to see that with longer wires on our light bulb, it could be mounted anywhere. Further, one wire could be fitted with a switch so that the light could be turned on and off.
POWER SOURCE (BATTERY)

PROTECTION DEVICE (FUSE)
LOAD (BULB)

CONOUCTOfl
CONTROL DEVICE (SWITCH OPEN)
RETURN CONDUCTOR GROUND
RETURN CONDUCTOR GROUND
Fig. 1: This example illustrates a simple circuit. When the switch is closed, power from the positive (+) battery terminal flows through the fuse and the switch, and then to the light bulb. The light illuminates and the circuit is completed through the ground wire back to the negative (—) battery terminal. In reality, the two ground points shown in the illustration are attached to the metal frame of the vehicle, which completes the circuit back to the battery
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
The normal automotive circuit differs from this simple example in two ways. First, instead of having a return wire from the bulb to the battery, the current travels through the frame of the vehicle. Since the negative (—) battery cable is attached to the frame (made of electrically conductive metal), the frame of the vehicle can serve as a ground wire to complete the circuit. Secondly, most automotive circuits contain multiple components which receive power from a single circuit. This lessens the amount of wire needed to power components on the vehicle.
HOW DOES ELECTRICITY WORK: THE WATER ANALOGY
Electricity is the flow of electrons – the subatomic particles that constitute the outer shell of an atom. Electrons spin in an orbit around the center core of an atom. The center core is comprised of protons (positive charge) and neutrons (neutral charge). Electrons have a negative charge and balance out the positive charge of the protons. When an outside force causes the number of electrons to unbalance the charge of the protons, the electrons will split off the atom and look for another atom to balance out. If this imbalance is kept up, electrons will continue to move and an electrical flow will exist.
Many people have been taught electrical theory using an analogy with water. In a comparison with water flowing through a pipe, the electrons would be the water and the wire is the pipe.
The flow of electricity can be measured much like the flow of water through a pipe. The unit of measurement used is amperes, frequently abbreviated as amps (a). You can compare amperage to the volume of water flowing through a pipe. When connected to a circuit, an ammeter will measure the actual amount of current flowing through the circuit. When relatively few electrons flow through a circuit, the amperage is low. When many electrons flow, the amperage is high.
Water pressure is measured in units such as pounds per square inch (psi); The electrical pressure is measured in units called volts (v). When a voltmeter is connected to a circuit, it is measuring the electrical pressure.
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руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92. Часть 20

Posted by: admin  //  Category: Руководства, руководство по эксплуатации Chevrolet Camaro 82-92

THE BATTERY
In most modern vehicles, the battery is a lead/acid electrochemical device consisting of six 2 volt subsections (cells) connected in series, so that the unit is capable of producing approximately 12 volts of electrical pressure. Each subsection consists of a series of positive and negative plates held a short distance apart in a solution of sulfuric acid and water.
The two types of plates are of dissimilar metals. This sets up a chemical reaction, and it is this reaction which produces current flow from the battery when its positive and negative terminals are connected to an electrical load . The power removed from the battery is replaced by the alternator, restoring the battery to its original chemical state.
THE ALTERNATOR
On some vehicles there isn’t an alternator, but a generator. The difference is that an alternator supplies alternating current which is then changed to direct current for use on the vehicle, while a generator produces direct current. Alternators tend to be more efficient and that is why they are used.
Alternators and generators are devices that consist of coils of wires wound together making big electromagnets. One group of coils spins within another set and the interaction of the magnetic fields causes a current to flow. This current is then drawn off the coils and fed into the vehicles electrical system.
GROUND
Two types of grounds are used in automotive electric circuits. Direct ground components are grounded to the frame through their mounting points. All other components use some sort of ground wire which is attached to the frame or chassis of the vehicle. The electrical current runs through the chassis of the vehicle and returns to the battery through the ground (—) cable; if you look, you’ll see that the battery ground cable connects between the battery and the frame or chassis of the vehicle.
It should be noted that a good percentage of electrical problems can be traced to bad grounds.
PROTECTIVE DEVICES
It is possible for large surges of current to pass through the electrical system of your vehicle. If this surge of current were to reach the load in the circuit, the surge could burn it out or severely damage it. It can also overload the wiring, causing the harness to get hot and melt the insulation. To prevent this, fuses, circuit breakers and/or fusible links are connected into the supply wires of the electrical system. These items are nothing more than a built-in weak spot in the system. When an abnormal amount of current flows through the system, these protective devices work as follows to protect the circuit:
GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
• Fuse – when an excessive electrical current passes through a fuse, the fuse "blows" (the conductor melts) and opens the circuit, preventing the passage of current.
Fig. 1: Most vehicles use one or more fuse panels. This one is located on the
driver’s side kick panel

GM – CAMARO 1982-1992 – Repair Guide (Checked by WxMax)
• Circuit Breaker – a circuit breaker is basically a self-repairing fuse. It will open the circuit in the same fashion as a fuse, but when the surge subsides, the circuit breaker can be reset and does not need replacement.
• Fusible Link – a fusible link (fuse link or main link) is a short length of special, high temperature insulated wire that acts as a fuse. When an excessive electrical current passes through a fusible link, the thin gauge wire inside the link melts, creating an intentional open to protect the circuit. To repair the circuit, the link must be replaced. Some newer type fusible links are housed in plug-in modules, which are simply replaced like a fuse, while older type fusible links must be cut and spliced if they melt. Since this link is very early in the electrical path, it’s the first place to look if nothing on the vehicle works, yet the battery seems to be charged and is properly connected.
CAUTION – Always replace fuses, circuit breakers and fusible links with identically rated components. Under no circumstances should a component of higher or lower amperage rating be substituted.
SWITCHES & RELAYS
Switches are used in electrical circuits to control the passage of current. The most common use is to open and close circuits between the battery and the various electric devices in the system. Switches are rated according to the amount of amperage they can handle. If a sufficient amperage rated switch is not used in a circuit, the switch could overload and cause damage.

A. Relay C. Fuse
B. Fusible link D. Flasher
Fig. 2: The underhood fuse and relay panel usually contains fuses, relays,
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